Grammar, it is a good thing to know

How to Understand Grammar

Grammar explains the forms and structure of words (called morphology) and how they are arranged in sentences (called syntax). In other words, grammar provides the rules for speaking and writing that give us a common way of using language so we can more easily understand each other. The building blocks of grammar are the eight parts of speech: · Verbs express actions, events, or states of being. · Nouns name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. · Pronouns take the place of nouns or another pronoun. · Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns by describing, identifying, or quantifying them. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. · Adverbs modify a verb, adjective, another adverb, a phrase or a clause and indicates manner, time, place, cause or degree. Adverbs can be recognized because they answer the question how, when, where, or how much. Adverbs often end in ly. · Prepositions link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence and usually indicate a relationship of time, space or logic. · Conjunctions link words, phrases and clauses. · Interjections are added to a sentence to convey emotion and are usually followed by an exclamation point. Every complete sentence has two parts: a subject (who or what the sentence is about) and a predicate (what the subject is doing). The subject is a noun or a pronoun; the predicate is a verb. To identify the subject of a sentence, find the verb and ask who or what. The answer is the subject. Modifiers, phrases and clauses add information about the subject and predicate and make the writing more interesting and clearer. A single word acting as an adjective or adverb is called a modifier; two or more words without a subject and predicate acting as an adjective or adverb is called a phrase; and two or more words acting as an adjective or adverb and having a subject and predicate is a clause. To be continued next month…

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